Phần 2: Từ câu hỏi 11 đến câu hỏi 20
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 11 to 20.
It’s often said that we learn things at the wrong time. University students frequently do the minimum of work because they’re crazy about a good social life instead. Children often scream before their piano practice because it’s so boring. They have to be given gold stars and medals to be persuaded to swim, or have to be bribed to take exams. But the story is different when you’re older.
Over the years, I’ve done my share of adult learning. At 30, I went to a college and did courses in History and English. It was an amazing experience. For starters, I was paying, so there was no reason to be late – I was the one frowning and drumming my fingers if the tutor was late, not the other way round. Indeed, if I could persuade him to linger for an extra five minutes, it was a bonus, not a nuisance. I wasn’t frightened to ask questions, and homework was a pleasure not a pain. When I passed an exam, I had passed it for me and me alone, not for my parents or my teachers. The satisfaction I got was entirely personal.
Some people fear going back to school because they worry that their brains have got rusty. But the joy is that, although some parts have rusted up, your brain has learnt all kinds of other things since you were young. It has learnt to think independently and flexibly and is much better at relating one thing to another. What you lose in the rust department, you gain in the maturity department.
In some ways, age is a positive plus. For instance, when you’re older, you get less frustrated. Experience has told you that, if you’re calm and simply do something carefully again and again, eventually you’ll get the hang of it. The confidence you have in other areas – from being able to drive a car, perhaps – means that if you can’t, say, build a chair instantly, you don’t, like a child, want to destroy your first pathetic attempts. Maturity tells you that you will, with application, eventually get there.
I hated piano lessons at school, but I was good at music. And coming back to it, with a teacher who could explain why certain exercises were useful and with musical concepts that, at the age of ten, I could never grasp, was magical. Initially, I did feel a bit strange, thumping out a piece that I’d played for my school exams, with just as little comprehension of what the composer intended as I’d had all those years before. But soon, complex emotions that I never knew poured out from my fingers, and suddenly I could understand why practice makes perfect.
Question 11: It is implied in paragraph 1 that ______.
A. young learners are usually lazy in their class
B. teachers should give young learners less homework
C. young learners often lack a good motivation for learning
D. parents should encourage young learners to study more
Xem phần in đậm màu xanh
Question 12: The writer’s main point in paragraph 2 is to show that as people grow up, ______.
A. they cannot learn as well as younger learners
B. they have a more positive attitude towards learning
C. they tend to learn less as they are discouraged
D. they get more impatient with their teachers
---> there was no reason to be late Xem phần in đậm màu xanh
Question 13: The phrase “For starters” in paragraph 2 could best be replaced by “______”.
A. For beginners
B. First and foremost
C. At the starting point
D. At the beginning
Question 14: While doing some adult learning courses at a college, the writer was surprised ______.
A. to have more time to learn
B. to be able to learn more quickly
C. to feel learning more enjoyable
D. to get on better with the tutor
---> satisfaction Xem phần in đậm màu xanh
Question 15: In paragraph 3, the word “rusty” means ______.
A. not as good as it used to be through lack of practice
B. impatient because of having nothing to do
C. covered with rust and not as good as it used to be
D. staying alive and becoming more active
-----> rusty: nghĩa đen: han gỉ, phai bạc (màu), lỗi thời, lạc hậu(do k đc thực hành)
Question 16: The phrase “get there” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to “______”.
A. have the things you have long desired
B. achieve your aim with hard work
C. arrive at an intended place with difficulty
D. receive a school or college degree
----> phía trước đã nhắc đến những nỗ lực nhờ việc chăm chỉ học hành
Question 17: All of the following are true about adult learning EXCEPT ______.
A. experience in doing other things can help one’s learning
B. young people usually feel less patient than adults
C. adults think more independently and flexibly than young people
D. adult learners have fewer advantages than young learners
Question 18: It can be inferred from paragraph 4 that maturity is a positive plus in the learning process because adult learners ______.
A. pay more attention to detail than younger learners
B. have become more patient than younger learners
C. are less worried about learning than younger learners
D. are able to organize themselves better than younger learners
----> xem phần in đậm màu xanh
Question 19: It is implied in the last paragraph that when you learn later in life, you ______.
A. should expect to take longer to learn than when you were younger
B. find that you can recall a lot of things you learnt when younger
C. can sometimes understand more than when you were younger
D. are not able to concentrate as well as when you were younger
---> xem phần in đậm màu xanh
Question 20: What is the writer’s main purpose in the passage?
A. To show how fast adult learning is.
B. To describe adult learning methods.
C. To encourage adult learning.
D. To explain reasons for learning.
----> xem phần in đậm màu xanh Paragraph 2 + hiểu nội dụng toàn passage